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What is Air Balancing? | How to Balance Heating & Air Conditioning

by Penguin Air on April 28, 2017

what is air balancing - how to balance heating and air conditioning (HVAC)Air balancing is a process that involves modifying your existing HVAC system to make sure that air is evenly distributed throughout the home.

Testing, adjusting, and balancing (TAB) is a very important for achieving proper HVAC operation, especially for commercial projects. In order to have the proper flow and performance, many things need to be tested and adjusted, including dampers, fan speeds, pressures, and control devices, such as thermostats.

If you have hot and cold spots in your home, airflow problems, or if some areas of the home receive more conditioned air than others, you could greatly benefit from Professional Air Balancing.

What does air balancing include?

Air balancing is the mechanical regulation of a system to achieve desired airflow.

Usually, HVAC technicians can fix airflow problems with a series of adjustments to your HVAC system, including duct sealing, duct dampers, and ductwork retrofits.

It’s estimated that over half of all new HVAC systems are improperly installed (ENERGY STAR). This usually means that there is something wrong with the size and/or design of your HVAC and duct system.

If some rooms in your house aren’t receiving the proper airflow, contact your local HVAC technician to make sure everything is sized according to HVAC best practices.

Benefits of Air Balancing

Professional air balancing provides many benefits to your home and HVAC system:

1. Greater Energy Efficiency

When airflow is balanced, your HVAC system works more efficiently. Most likely, your technician will make improvements to your air ducts during the air balancing process. By sealing duct leaks and improving air circulation, less conditioned air escapes and more airflow goes where it needs to. This means stronger airflow for you and improved energy efficiency for your HVAC system.

2. More Comfort

The main reason why homeowners request and air balancing appointment is because they aren’t getting enough conditioned air into their living spaces. Balanced airflow gets rid of those uncomfortable hot and cold spots in the home.

3. Prolonged HVAC Service Life

Sealing air leaks and modifying ductwork design prevents dirt, dust, mold, and other contaminants from clogging up your HVAC system. By improving airflow, you reduce your HVAC system’s workload and remove substantial dirt and stress.

Air balancing may cost you some money upfront, but you’ll make it back in the savings you get from improved energy efficiency, less repairs, and prolonged system lifespans.

Insulation and Ventilation Air Balancing

We all know that homes need insulation in order to keep air from freely flowing in and out of the home, but unfortunately, it can also create indoor air quality and ventilation problems. The “V” in HVAC stands for ventilation because it’s an important component of a properly functioning heating and cooling system.

Ventilation involves exchanging indoor air with outdoor air to maintain safe combustion processes and healthy indoor air quality. Without a proper ventilation system, dangerous fumes and contaminants can build up in your home and present a health hazard for everyone living inside the home.

Some of the most dangerous indoor air contaminants include formaldehyde, radon, carbon monoxide, and volatile organic compounds (VOCs).

In addition to airborne contaminants, you may also be at risk of mold, mildew, and other moisture-related problems. If you don’t have working ventilation fans,

Learn more about how to improve indoor air quality in the home.

Professional Air Balancing Consultation

Contact Penguin Plumbing & Air to schedule an air balancing consultation. Your trained technician will conduct a full and thorough inspection of you HVAC system before recommending any service or repairs. The technician will use specialized tools and procedures to measure insulation, ventilation, air pressure, temperature, and humidity levels.

After investigating ductwork deficiencies, hot/cold spots, and other trouble areas, your technician will share with you all of their findings. Details and suggestions will be in writing and any questions will be answered.

Make your home more comfortable and efficiency by calling ____ for your air balancing home assessment.

Sign up for a maintenance program, such as the Penguin Protection Plan, to save money and ensure these annual maintenance appointments are conducted every year.

For more indoor air quality tips and information, read our other blogs on the topic:


At Penguin Air and Plumbing, we want to help make your home a safe and beautiful space for you and your loved ones to enjoy for many years to come.

For more information indoor air pollution, visit our indoor air quality page.

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